scaffolds understanding. It informs both learners and teachers equally about
what learners currently understand and how to proceed with subsequent teaching and learning. Practitioners ensure that learners are clear about what they are going to learn and how they should proceed.
As learning progresses, assessment is used to gather evidence about where the learners are in their learning so that teaching and learning can be adapted to meet learner needs. Assessment is again carried out at the completion of developmental activities or units of work to determine the extent of progress and achievement.
The teaching and learning cycle can be represented visually as below.